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Basis of acupuncture

What is Qi?

Webmaster: Dr El Meddeb Samy, Béja, Tunisia.

Contributors are welcome


Definition of Qi:
Qi, in traditional chinese medicine, roughly corresponds to concept of energy, but also to concept of subtle quintessential substances that assure achievement of human vital and functionnal activities.
Qi is aquired or congenital.
There are 4 kinds of Qi:
-Congenital or Original Qi (Yuan Qi) coming from the 2 parents (mother and father).
-Zong Qi coming from nutriments, and also inhaled air, his role is promotion of circulation of Qi and blood, and respiration.
-Nutritive Qi (Ying Qi)
-Defensive Qi (Wei Qi)

Relations of Yin and Yang explained by TaiJi

Shu Wen, Chapter 3: " Yin is harmonious, Yang is resistant , then mind remains undamaged" " If separation of Yin and Yang occurs,quintessential Jing Qi stops "

Tai Ji (or Tao) is used to explain relations between Yin and Yang
Physiologic functions of Qi
Propulsion: Growth and development of human body, organs and visceras activities, meridians functions, blood circulation, organic fluids distribution, all this is dependant on Qi propulsion power.

or regulation of body température, by Wei Qi action, though the function of heating body, organs, visceras, tissues, depend on Yuan Qi and Wei Qi in same time.

Protection against pathogen agents : Qi defends body interface (with outside) against attacks of perverse Qi. It is above all function of Wei Qi.

Homeostasic action: balancing Yin/Yang, 5 elements... Qi can regulate, retain some substances and metabolic products. For exemple blood, sweat, urines...

Qi Hua action is transformation, metamorphosis of organic fluids, and especially elimination through kidneys and bowel. Bowel Qi Hua is then urinating function.

: Qi can feed body, organs, visceras, it is above all Ying Qi leading role. It is equivalent of blood function in modern medicine.

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